LGBT History Month

4. LGBT figures in history

Consider the key work and lives of these pioneering LGBT figures:

  • Alan Turing – 20th century British mathematician, credited with creating the theoretical framework and design for the earliest modern computer. Turing also lead the British cryptanalysis effort in WW2 to break the secret codes of the German military Enigma machine. His work contributed enormously to the Allied victory. Turing eventually committed suicide in the 1950’s following a criminal prosecution and chemical castration at a time when homosexuality was still illegal in the UK. An official public apology for his treatment was made in 2009.

  • Sir Francis Bacon – 17th century English philosopher of science who elucidated principles of science as we know it today, sometimes called ‘the high priest of modern science’.

  • Sara Josephine Baker – 20th century physician who organised the first child hygiene department under government control in New York City which led to the lowest infant death rate in any American or European city during the 1910’s.

  • Arthur C Clarke - was a British science fiction author and inventor. During the Second World War he served in the Royal Air Force as a radar specialist and was involved in the early warning radar defence system which contributed to the RAF's success during the Battle of Britain and in 1945 proposed a satellite communication system that won him the Franklin Institute's Stuart Ballantine Medal.

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