Advice for supporting children with anti-social behaviours that are difficult or dangerous


From 09 October 2023 we will be launching a new Czone website. The new site has been redesigned and restructured, based on feedback from Schools, Colleges and Settings. We hope the new site will help all education providers to easily access useful information and resources. You will still be able to access the site using the link

All children/young people who exhibit anti-social behaviours that can be difficult or dangerous have a right to appropriate behaviour support and management plans as part of their risk assessment. These should include a range of positive behaviour strategies developing on a three-part gradient.


These include: enabling the individual to develop socially acceptable behaviours to achieve objectives. To be effective, such strategies need to be maintained over a long period of time.


These include defusing and distraction strategies, enabling staff to support the child/young person and de-escalate the target behaviour in an appropriate and individualised way.


These include environmental change or sanctions, breakaway techniques and the use of restrictive physical interventions where necessary.

In exceptional circumstances, the third level reactive strategies could involve the use of reactive restrictive physical interventions, sometimes referred to as positive handling. 

Where physical interventions are employed to reduce risk, they must be reasonable and lawful. All staff are accountable for their own actions and aware of local policy, ESCC Restrictive Physical Intervention Guidance for Schools Settings and Colleges May 2021

Please find below the example risk assessment forms you may choose to use :

Proforma A

Proforma B

Proforma C

Proforma D